When the People’s Republic of China was proclaimed in 1949, its demographic goals included reducing mortality, increasing life expectancy, and controlling overpopulation. To this end, since 1956 a series of family planning policies or campaigns have been implemented to prevent uncontrolled population growth. In 1979, the fourth of these campaigns was approved, which included the one-child policy, in force until 2015. Our intention is to present a balance of family planning policies in China, studying the theoretical aspects of the demographic transition, briefly reviewing each of these campaigns, detailing the particularities of the one-child policy, and finally, analyzing the consequences.
Keywords: China, demography, family planning, one-child policy.